Prevention & Survival
by Jodee Kulp and Judy Howell Wadsworth
workshops | writing | keynotes
Overview of Statistics 1976-1997
Current numbers are being calculated
National Estimates Child Abuse & Neglect Reports
From 1972 - 1997, 25
years over 46 million child maltreatment allegations have been made.
these allegations 30-40% have been substantiated.
The number of allegations
have increased over 500% annually,
while the population of the USA has
increased only 27.5% or 57.7 million people.
- 267,636,061 - 1997 77,301
million under 19 years,
- 272,123,686 - 1999 78,457
million under19 years
It is important to note
that estimates are not completely accurate due to differences in states
reporting or not reporting, investigation procedures and whether or not
families are counted more than once in an annual report if reports against
them have been made multiple times.
For the sake of argument
lets deal with a 50% (23 million families) number of allegations that are unsubstantiated. This leaves 43
million family systems scrutinized, judged and disrupted during the
investigation and findings process over the last 25 years. Presently each year over 1.5 million US families have unsubstantiated
allegations and how the investigation is handled will affect many aspects of
this families future and quality of life.
Reported for Maltreatment (1993 - 1997 US Est.)
Following is a review of
the current trends in child abuse reporting and fatalities in the United
States, taken from the 1997 annual 50 States Survey done by the National
Committee to Prevent Child Abuse.
From 1993-1997 a period
of 5 years reports of allegations have increased
by 128,000 or 4%.
Substantiated cases have increased by 45,000 cases and services provided to
clients have remained around 60-70%.
Of significant interest
is that sexual abuse substantiated allegations have decreased
substantiated allegations have increased.
comparison to national averages of child abuse and neglect reports from
1993-1996 Minnesota remained less than national average in percentage
- Up 7% in 92-93 New legislation written
- Down 6% in 93-94
- Down 4% in 94-95
- Down 3% in 95-96
There are yet no
published reports for 1997
Minnesota 1996 Child Protection Statistics
40% of total number
Breakdown of Statistics
Neglect - 6,673 (65.4%)
Physical Abuse - 3,240
Sexual Abuse - 853 (8.4%)
Emotional Abuse - 215
have changed nationally in 10 Years
||Other (medical, educational)
Substance abuse is the
cited as one of the top problem areas. Of confirmed cases of child
maltreatment 40% involve the use of alcohol or other drugs in the US. This
suggests nationally that of the 1.2 million confirmed cases an estimated
480,000 children are mistreated each year by a caretaker with alcohol or
drug problems. Additional research suggests that alcohol or drug problems
are factors in a majority of cases of emotional abuse and neglect.
Prenatal exposure to
alcohol, drugs or malnutrition complicates childhood development and growth
and parenting these children is very difficult. Special needs adoptive
parents, foster and kinship caregivers are at significant risk.
Other areas of concern
- poverty and economic
- parent capacity and
- domestic violence
Minnesotas Foster Children
42% Childs conduct or
47% Abuse, neglect,
substance abuse, disability, death, abandonment, incarceration
Minnesota Foster Children Outcomes
1995 Minnesota had 18,492
children in foster care
for some period of time.
Approximately 9,000 on any
in family foster care vs institutional care
left within 1 month
24% left within 6 months
18% remained more than 1
Fatalities Child Protection Statistics
death of one child at the hands of a caregiver is tragic.
died in Minnesota at the hand of a caregiver during 1993-1996.
children were identified as having life threatening injuries.
No matter how bad your heart
the world doesn't
stop for your grief.
Workshops available for Agencies and Associations
Foster Families, Adoptive Parents and Kinship Caregivers
insight into our workshop program
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